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Graphene Flagship - Standardization

The Graphene Flagship is the up to date largest research initiative funded with €1 billion by the European Commission. Its decided aim is to bring graphene from lab to fab – in only 10 years’ time. In April 2020, the Flagship transitioned into Core3 with its special focus being on innovative research to boost graphene-enabled technologies to higher technology readiness levels.

One aspect that makes companies hesitate to commit to graphene is the existence of a veritable ‘graphene zoo’. The terminology used is often vague to say the least – the materials offered as ‘graphene’ range from single-layer to multi-layer graphene, (reduced) graphene oxide, or even graphite nano-platelets. In fact, all of them will have their specific advantages and uses depending on the application. But the variation of materials offered under the same term discourages industrial buyers.

Characterisation, too, is executed by different means depending on the supplier. To show just one example: depending on the spot size used, tantamount to the sample area investigated, the resulting conductivity will either refer to the intrinsic property of a single flake, or to the extrinsic property of the whole layer including defect sites at the grain boundaries.

The NanoMat cluster focusses on harmonizing the terminology and characterisation methods to aid commercialisation of graphenic raw materials, master batches, and ultimately graphene-enabled devices. We participate as experts in international standardisation committees such as the ISO (TC229) and IEC (TC113), to drive the standardisation of graphene and related nanomaterials.

If you are interested to collaborate in a nanomaterials’ standardisation project, please do not hesitate to contact Dr. Thurid Gspann.

For further information about the Graphene Flagship, please visit: